Victim Service Providers
- Trauma-informed care is an approach to engaging people with histories of trauma that recognizes the presence of trauma symptoms and acknowledges the role that trauma has played in their lives. –National Center for Trauma Informed Care (NCTIC, www.samsha.gov/nctic, 2013)
- Victim-Centered –The provision of culturally appropriate and immediately available services based on the unique needs and circumstances of victims and survivors. Services are specific, client-focused and driven by the individuals who have been impacted by the abuse/assault/exploitation. – Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs
- An Empowerment –Based philosophy means that we believe that survivors of abuse/exploitation are competent and should have the freedom to be independent. Our clients have just come from a situation where they were controlled. It is not our job to replace one form of control with another. Empowerment means focusing on clients’ strengths and believing that they can make a difference. Empowerment means never judging clients’ decisions and never making them feel like they need to hide things from us.
Currently, the Coalition Victim Service Providers are:
Case managers are trained in the adapted Stages of Change specific to CSEC developed by GEMS-NY. This framework helps staff identify and understand the stage of change survivor might be in and to work with them from that perspective. Case managers utilize motivational interviewing techniques to support survivors by achieving steps that will help them move towards their goals. Case managers work collaboratively to address challenges through a harm reduction approach. They provide non-judgmental space for survivors to discuss concerns that may arise. Case managers engage in conversations around reduction and provide a continuum of options for survivors to choose from. They provide options to reduce harm and rather than expect zero tolerance.
Case managers work with survivors to develop and pursue a case management plan (which can include personal advocacy, legal advocacy, systems advocacy, employment assistance, and/or housing advocacy). Our human trafficking case management model focuses on three unique phases of case management: crisis, stabilization, and sustainability.
Emergency Shelter –Ensuring emergency housing is a critical first step in ensuring survivors’ physical and emotional wellbeing. Emergency housing lasts up to two months.
Transitional Housing –Human trafficking survivors, particularly when foreign born, typically require housing for an average of six to eight months. Transitional housing affords survivors the time and support they need to establish self-sufficiency. Transitional housing can last up to eight months.
Long Term Housing – refers to housing beyond eight months. Long-term housing for clients means the survivor(s) is established in permanent housing situation, including: renting a room, studio, apartment, or home; reunited with family; repatriated to home country. Housing within a shelter or transitional housing program is not considered long term housing.
Safety planning is a fundamental piece in increasing safety for survivors. Our safety planning approach was adapted from Jill Davies’ Safety Planning with Battered Women: Complex Lives/Difficult Choices. According to Davies, effective planning with intimate partner abuse survivors includes assessing for and addressing both batterer-generated and life generated risks. In human trafficking cases, advocates work with survivors to identify and safety plan around trafficker and life-generated risks. Risks generated by the trafficker include physical, pscyhological, and financial harms, as well as threats to family members and children. Life-generated risks include vulnerabilities that the trafficker can exploit to harm the victim, such as: lack of legal status, housing needs, physical or mental disabilities, discrimination, financial needs, etc.